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Illustration of people experiencing side effects after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine

What are the most frequent side effects from COVID-19 vaccination?

ANSWER: E. All of the above

The most common side effects are pain, redness, and swelling in the arm where you received your shot. Other side effects include tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever and nausea that occur throughout the rest of the body. For most people, side effects go away within a few days. Some people have no side effects at all.

Worried side effects will be a hassle? Get tips on how to prepare.

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Illustration of the number of people who have died from COVID-19 in Howard County

How many people have died from COVID-19 in Howard County (as of June 2021)? 

ANSWER: D.

Approximately 250 people in Howard County have died of COVID-19 as of June 2021 (252 people at last count). For the latest statistics, click here. In contrast, zero people have died from COVID-19 vaccination in Howard County.

Want to compare the risks of vaccination against getting sick from COVID-19? Weigh the risks.

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Illustration of a woman wrapped in a blanket drinking a hot beverage

If a person is relatively healthy when they get COVID-19, with no major underlying health conditions and only a mild case of COVID-19, they can count on feeling “normal” again in a few weeks.

ANSWER: False.

One-third of adults with mild cases and no underlying health conditions do not return to normal health within two to three weeks after testing positive for COVID-19. For young adults (ages 18-34), it’s nearly one in five. 

Thinking about pros and cons of getting vaccinated? Weigh the risks.

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Person receiving vaccine

What is the current level of effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccination?

ANSWER: E.

The most recent CDC study on COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness reviewed both Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines and stated that individuals who are fully vaccinated are up to 94% protected against contracting COVID-19. Other research shows that the protection from vaccination is so strong that, among people who already received any of the COVID-19 vaccines, 1/100th of 1 percent of people got COVID-19.

Get more vaccine answers or find a vaccine location.

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Person working in lab

True or False: COVID-19 vaccines are federally approved.

ANSWER: True.

All COVID-19 vaccines being used today are federally approved. The type of approval is called an emergency use authorization, which is an established method to make medicines such as vaccines available during a public health emergency. On February 4, 2020, COVID-19 was declared this type of public health emergency.

Wondering how vaccines developed so quickly? Get vaccine answers here.

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CDC worker interviewing person

True or false: no one is monitoring to see if people have health problems after the vaccination.

ANSWER: False.

A vast number of independent researchers are conducting a range of ongoing safety studies to keep learning about vaccine side effects. This provides an independent confirmation of the government’s safety monitoring systems, and if any new issue appears, health professionals across the country can take action quickly.

As for federal safety monitoring systems, both the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) watch for any problems and review the data reported by millions of people around the country, most of whom report no symptoms or mild symptoms. You may know the FDA has a role in approving medicines for use, but the FDA also sometimes has a second role of continuing to watch the safety of medicines after they become available too—and they are doing this with the COVID-19 vaccines.

Still wondering how to stay safe without vaccination? Read this.

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